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The role of Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe in conflict prevention and postconflict settlement


Author: Mătășel Alina
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.10 - International Public Law
Year:2018
Scientific adviser: Natalia Chirtoacă
doctor, associate professor (docent),
Institution:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 31 March, 2018 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.44 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 341.232(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 1.37 Mb / in romanian
196 pages


Keywords

OSCE, conflict prevention, post-conflict settlement, international norms, field missions, international mandate, international humanitarian law.

Summary

Speciality 552.08 – International and European public law. Chisinau, 2018.

Structure of the thesis: The thesis consists of an annotation in Romanian, Russian and English language, introduction, 3 chapters and 8 paragraphs, general conclusions and recommendations, a bibliography consisting of 237 sources, 5 appendices and 150 pages of the main text. Scientific results were published in 11 scientific papers.

Field of study: The thesis is a study in the field of international law, which focuses on OSCE tools, methods and actions in the field of conflict prevention and post-conflict settlement.

Goal and objective of the thesis. The goal of the study is a comprehensive analysis of the role of the OSCE in conflict prevention and post-conflict settlement, analysis of both the institutional development of the OSCE by examining the mechanisms and procedures applicable in the two above-mentioned areas and procedural operationalization or empirical research of concepts that analyse the role of the Organization in the four conflict areas on case studies. The objectives of the study are: to study and clarify the conceptual boundaries of terms, to study the establishment and development of the organization, to analyse the institutional characteristics of approaches to the OSCE, to study mechanisms, measures and specific procedures for conflict prevention and post-conflict settlement, to study the implementation of OSCE legal mechanisms for conflict prevention and management of postconflict situations by organizing and structuring points of convergence and divergence based on case studies, to formulate recommendations in order to answer questions about the role and capabilities of the OSCE in situations of future tension and conflict in the international arena.

The scientific novelty and originality of the research are reflected in an innovative character that represents the first study devoted to theoretical and applied issues of conflict prevention and post-conflict settlement in the OSCE vision.

The main scientific problem solved is to identify and determine the OSCE's capabilities in the field of conflict prevention and post-conflict settlement through a comprehensive study, including theoretical elements and comparative examples.

The theoretical importance of the study is determined by a deep knowledge of the role of the OSCE in the two dimensions of the life cycle of the conflict, giving an idea of a timely impulse to intervene in the relevant processes and forming a generalized reference point for other actors participating in similar activities.

The practical value of the thesis is determined by scientific articles published in specialized journals and presentation of research results in materials and collections of thematic scientific conferences.

Implementation of scientific results is reflected in conference materials and publications on the specialty, which can serve as a starting point for the continuation of future research.