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Military service in the Republic of Moldova: political-legal approach


Author: Coropcean Ion
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Year:2017
Scientific adviser: Constantin Manolache
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent),
Scientific consultant: Victor Juc
doctor habilitat, professor,
Institution:

Status

Term of presenting of the thesis 7 September, 2017

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.73 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 32.001

Adobe PDF document 1.41 Mb / in romanian
170 pages


Keywords

military service, national security, military security, military body, principles of military service, military service relationship, institutionalization, organization, adaptation, functioning, Armed Forses, the National Army, Republic of Moldova

Summary

Thesis structure: introduction, three chapters with three subchapters each, conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 194 titles, 150 pages of basic text. The obtained results are published in 25 scientific papers.

Field of study: Political Science and Security Studies.

The purpose and objectives of the paper: The goal is to make an analysis of political and legal essence, structure, content and contradictions, in the context of the functionality of Moldovan military service, aiming to determine the impact on national security and identification of modernization mechanisms, related to the Armed Forces reform processes.

The following objectives have been established: to make a research of military service as part of the state policy in organizing citizens and the whole society to guarantee the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national security; to highlight the conceptual-theoretical and the political-legal aspects of organization and functionality of military service of the Republic of Moldova, being identified the general principles and peculiarities of institutionalization, leadership and activity; to investigate the dynamics of those aspects related to occurrence and ending of military service.

The important scientific problemsolved in the field of political science and security studies is connected to the importance of military service to guarantee the national security and defense of the Republic of Moldova, which has proved the need and opportunity for internal modernization and adjustment to the contemporary standards, thus, being identified the potential and capabilities necessary in the process of modernizing the military service in the context of regional security architecture redesign.

The theoretical significance of the thesis lies in developing the conceptual and methodological framework to study the military service, considering the continuous change of relationships and post -nonclasical trends of science development.

There is appliedthe institutionalism as theoretical support for the study of military service as an institution, becoming as well an important actor of the civil service; there is emphasized the difference between the alternative service, active military service and retired military service, highlighting the importance of social protection of militaries.

The applied value of the paper lies in making a study, that would lead to a better understanding of nature, objectives, organization and capabilities of military service; improves the scientific researches on military security of the state, presents some scientific-practical recommendations on how to optimize the military service system, pursue the construction of military body in Moldova, elaborate the defense and security policy of the state, promote the civil-military relations within society.

Scientific novelty resides in performing, for the first time in the Republic of Moldova, of an analysis on quintessence and structure of the military service from the politological perspective, the reconfiguration dynamics as an intrinsic part of the state policy, aiming to citizens’ and society’s way of organization to defend the national interests: it is argued the functionality of the military service as a process to guarantee the national security and defense; it is highlighted the political and legal regulations on the military service relationships; it is analyzed the political and legal context of institutionalization process and the organizational-legal mechanism of military service governance, giving some examples of institutions with diverse responsibilities of organizing and / or implementation.

Implementation of scientific results was made via: examination and approval by both the Centre for Political Research and International Relations and Specialized Scientific Seminar of ICJP of the ASM; the results were presented at 8 conferences and published in the 25 scientific papers.